Cryptoccoccal meningitis in post-covid 19 patient in the city of manaus: Case report
Keywords:cryptococcosis, infectious diseases, immunodepressed, pigeons, zoonosis
Cryptococcosis is a cosmopolitan and opportunistic mycosis, caused mainly by the etiological agent Cryptococcus neoformans, through the inhalation of fungal structures, especially in bird feces. The aim of this study was to report a reported case of cryptococcal meningitis in an immunosuppressed patient due to previous COVID-19 infection in the city of Manaus-AM, as well as to implement health education actions to prevent cryptococcosis in the region of the disease. Information about the case was obtained through access to the database of the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN), made available by the Center for Control of Zoonoses Dr. Carlos Durand (CCZ), an agency belonging to the Municipal Health Department of Manaus (SEMSA). The case patient, male, presented symptoms such as headache, fever, vomiting, seizures, neck stiffness, petechiae and hemorrhagic suffusions, hearing loss and signs of Kernig and Brudzinski. In a zoosanitary visit to the site of the injury, the presence of pigeon excreta on the walls of the residence was found, and cleaning was carried out without the use of personal protective equipment (PPE’s). The contact with the residents evidenced the lack of information about the zoonosis addressed, including the risk of transmission of cryptococcosis by pigeons, facts that make necessary more sanitary actions on zoonoses among the population of Manaus.