Objective: compare the lipid and anthropometric profiles and physical condition of dancers from two dance groups (folk and modern dance). Methods/statistical analysis: the study evaluated the anthropometric measurements and lipid profile of the members of both dance groups, according to the guidelines of the International Society for the Advancement in Kineanthropometry (ISAK). To determine strength, velocity, and flexibility, different tests were applied; to establish lipid profile, commercial kits were used. Findings: the population had normal lipid profile ranges. With respect to the anthropometric profile, it was found that adipose percentage averages were above those considered normal for the general population. Physical condition was better in Afro-descendant dancers. Conclusion: the different dance types in this study showed beneficial effects on the anthropomorphic, conditional, and lipid variables of the dancers.