Evolution of ancient alphabet to modern greek, latin and cyrillic alphabets and transcription between them


  • Xiangning Zhang
  • Ruolin Zhang




alphabet, phoenicia, greece, roman empire, slavian, european union


The elements of alphabet tables reflect the phonetics of different languages. The earliest alphabet was invented by Phoenician in 200 millennium BCE, and was spread by businessmen from there; it was modified to form Greek alphabet, and Greek alphabet was introduced to Roman  Empire and a new script, Latin alphabet was formed and spread in western part of Europe. Cyrillic alphabet adapted from Greek alphabet spread with Eastern Orthodox in eastern and southern Europe, and replaced Arabic scripts in North and Central Asian when inhabitants there were converted to Russian Orthodox.  The modification of alphabets take place in accordance with the phonetics of  the languages which they write, and also in keeping up with the development of information technology.