Socioeconomic profile and quality of life In triângulo mineiro and alto Paranaíba region (Brazil)
Keywords:Socioeconomic Indicators, Socioeconomic Profile, Quality of life
The present work aims to present the results of the analysis regarding the Socioeconomic Profile of the municipalities that make up the Mesoregion of Triângulo Mineiro/Alto Paranaíba, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The survey and analysis of socioeconomic indicators, from the years 2004 and 2014, aimed to search for devices in order to develop a methodology for analyzing the quality of life of the municipalities that make up the mesoregion, taking into account the specificities of the urban network from the Cerrado Mineiro and the Brazilian urbanization process. It is understood that the quality of life does not depend only on a good offer of essential public services, but on an effective spatial distribution of advanced services regarding health, education, culture, leisure, etc., among the municipalities of the same region. In addition, it is extremely important to consider the population's financial capacity to access these services, a factor that demonstrates the real need to analyze their Socioeconomic Profile. For this analysis, we used the indicators made available by the João Pinheiro Foundation, through the Minas Gerais Social Responsibility Index (IMRS), using the 66 municipalities that make up the mesoregion of Triângulo Mineiro and Alto Paranaíba as the scale of analysis. The data were collected, tabulated and imported into the ArcGIS 10.1 software, in which cartograms were produced. The results presented provided the recognition of the positive evolution overview of the socioeconomic profile, following the Brazilian trend of economic growth experienced in the first decade of the 21st century. In the analyzed period, there was a significant increase in all the indicators assessed. However, it is worth noting the existence of disparities within the same region, with some municipalities showing a high rate of increase in income and employment, while others have reached medium and low growth peaks. It is worth mentioning that the improvement in quality, especially in terms of income and employment, ended up directly influencing the improvement of the population's quality of life.