Déficit Del Autocuidado En El Adulto Mayor Con Diabetes

Self-care deficit in the elderly with diabetes


  • Idely Yuraí Velasco-Molina
  • Ana Gabriela Hernández-Hernández
  • Reyna Cristina Jiménez-Sánchez
  • Esther Ramírez Moreno
  • Rosa María Baltazar-Tellez
  • Olga Rocío Flores-Chávez
  • José Javier Cuevas-Cansino
  • José Arias-Rico




Diabetes, déficit, self-care, older adults


Older adults who go through a situation of family abandonment tend to suffer from sadness, loneliness or even worse depression, which leads to various situations in their daily lives. Most older adults suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus, living with this pathology requires multiple care and interventions by the person himself and with the support of the rest of the family, in order to provide adequate routine care for the patient; That is why when there is family neglect, patients lose interest in taking care of themselves and tend to fall into a routine. In the present study, the self-care deficit in older adults was identified. It is a study of non-experimental quantitative design, cross-sectional, correlational, since it is carried out at a specific time and the variables do not have a control. The population is older adults with diabetes pathology, inhabitants of a day house in the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. The sample consisted of 30 people by availability. A survey was conducted among the elderly, only patients living with diabetes pathology to make an analysis of the care performed. As results, it was obtained that approximately 3% of older adults in a home for the elderly in Pachuca de Soto, Hidalgo, carry out proper self-care in their daily activities. A third of older adults have a self-care deficit, it is associated with different situations, starting with non-adherence to treatment and unhealthy habits. The majority of older adults have self-care deficits and therefore tend to be complicated by the pathologies they suffer, it is likely that their blood glucose levels are elevated, as well as the appearance of xerosis on the skin on the feet and hands; To correct this behavior, it is suggested to carry out workshops to teach the correct way to carry out adequate care, as well as to encourage adherence to treatments, carry out a good diet and exercise regularly in order to improve their health and extend life expectancy.