Psychotherapeutic intervention in the modality of emotional support network with family members of cancer patients as part of the service of a hospital oncology center
Intervención psicoterapéutica en la modalidad de red de apoyo emocional con familiares de pacientes con cáncer como parte del servicio de un centro oncológico hospitalario
Keywords:Disease finishes (Cancer), narrative identity, family dynamics, Cancer Center, Emotional Support Network, qualitative research, systemic perspective and narrative
The main objective of this research – intervention is focused on promoting the description and characterization of a network of emotional support as a psychotherapeutic model at a cancer hospital setting, led to the relatives of those who are experiencing the phenomenon of cancer.
To carry out the work, use was made of the constructionist approach systemic - constructivist, which allowed not only the construction of interactional contexts with the people involved, but also the generation of an experiential and symbolic process of research on the phenomenon. From there, they facilitated understanding, hermeneutics from the perspective the way in which people who had experienced the phenomenon of cancer, senses and social meanings built, family and therapeutic about the different actions in the cancer experience.
The research - intervention, took in to consideration the look narrative is based on different epistemological and paradigmatic early systemic perspective. It was conducted at the Hospital of San Ignacio, taking in to account the parameters of research that establishes the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana through the Masters in clinical psychology with systemic approach.
Seven conversational narrative scenarios as a support network in which fourteen people, relatives of terminally ill patients and were related Javeriano Cancer Center participated were conducted.
Qualitative research and study methodology, from which an experiential, subjective and contextual analysis of the experiences of each person is allowed intervention was used,
- to carry out the investigation process. From there, the being able to pick up the different versions of the way in which people lived and meant the phenomenon of cancer, made possible the construction and reconstruction of identity processes of each of the participants, including investigating - intervening in where the therapeutic conversational scenarios, became a process of co-construction of realities and identities.
As results evidenced how different family systems able to configure a world of meanings and directions about faith, spirituality and family unity as resilient resources in building worlds from the experience hopeful about cancer phenomenon, taking in to account the organization and reorganization of family dynamics to face a critical moment of life as is the terminal disease one of its members, resulting in drastic changes of meanings, interactions, feelings and painful feelings in the way of a process Hospital.